The root planing is necessary when patients cannot perform efficient teeth cleaning. The dental plaque that adheres to the teeth gradually transforms to tartar with plaque on top. Plaque and tartar are the main predisposing factors of periodontal disease. When periodontitis developed, periodontal tissues are destroyed and periodontal pocket deepen. Plaque and tartar can adhere down along root surfaces which make it impossible for patients to clean.
The doctor will perform root planning to remove plaque, tartar and infected soft tissue from the pocket. This procedure might be done under local anesthesia and require many visits.